James Barefoot Bradley

[James Banks, Thomas]

Born: 23 June 1848, (in either Kershaw Co or Sumter Co) South Carolina

Married: between 1870 and 1872 in South Carolina to Celia Ann Wilson

  • Born: 22 Feb 1850 at (Charleston?) South Carolina
  • Died: 11 June 1935 at Trinidad, Henderson Co, TX
  • Buried in Trinidad City Cemetery, Trinidad, Henderson Co, TX
  • Find-a-Grave: 39451504

Occupation: Appears as a farmer on every census except the 1900 census (Ellis Co, TX) where he appears as a Saw Mill owner.

Died: 21 Feb 1913, Porter’s Bluff, Navarro Co, TX.

Buried: Unknown burial site. Somewhere near Porter’s Bluff, TX. However, Porter’s Bluff was abandoned in the 1930s and nothing remains of the town. It is now on private property and there are no known grave markers.

Children:

  1. William Thomas Bradley (M, 1872, SC)
  2. James Byron Bradley (M, 1875, AL)
  3. Cora Lee Bradley (F, 1877, AL)
  4. Dollie Frances Bradley (F, 1881)
  5. Walter Marvin Bradley (M, 1884, AL)
  6. John Wesley Bradley (M, 1885, AL)
  7. Reynolds Banks Bradley (M, 1890, AL)
  8. Maud Bradley (F, 1894, AL)

Narrative:

1850 Federal Census [this census is for James Banks and is listed on this page because it includes James Barefoot – however, the household is Banks, not Barefoot] shows James Banks and family living in Sumter Co, SC. The format of the census has changed. Each person in the family is now listed. It reads as follows: Jas B Bradley, 35 years old, male, Planter (occupation), born in South Carolina; Mahazey R Bradley, 36 years old, female, born in South Carolina; Elizth Bradley, 15 years old, female, born in Alabama, attending school; Mariah Bradley, 12 years old, female, born in Alabama, attending school; Leonora Bradley, 11 years old, female, born in Alabama, attending school; Zeno Bradley, 9 years old, female, born in Alabama, attending school; Thos Bradley, 7 years old, male, born in South Carolina; Banks Bradley, 4 years old, male, born in South Carolina; Jas Bradley, 3 years old, male, born in South Carolina.

1860 Federal Census [this census is also for James Banks and is listed on this page because it includes James Barefoot – however, the household is Banks, not Barefoot] lacks first names and uses initials instead. It contains inconsistencies that are best considered errors. We have such a wealth of census documents for this family that it is not the other census that appear to be wrong, but this one. The errors will be pointed out as the document is described. The family is now in Lowndes Co, Alabama in the Hayneville area. It reads as follows: J B Bradley, 44 years old, male, Farmer, personal estate worth 500 (presumably dollars), born in South Carolina; M R Bradley, 45 years old, female, personal estate worth 500, born in South Carolina; Z J Bradley, 18 years old, female, born in Alabama; T M Bradley, 16 years old, male, born in Alabama (incorrect – he was born in SC); B S (initials are reversed) Bradley, 14 years old, male, born in Alabama (incorrect – he was born in SC); J B Bradley, 12 years old, male, born in Alabama (incorrect – he was born in SC); P B Bradley, 6 years old, male, born in Alabama; M C Logan, 22 year old female, born in Alabama; B Logan, 3 years old, female, born in South Carolina; B Logan, 1 year old, female, born in South Carolina. Despite the last name of Logan, these last three (what appears to be a young mother and her two young children) are listed as members of the household.

Family members say Barefoot was too young to fight in the Civil War, but guarded prisoners at Fort Sumter, SC. He would have been somewhere between 13-18 years old during the war. The family was from SC and as you can see on the 1870 census lived in Sumter after the war. So this story is perfectly consistent with his age and place. I’m not aware (at this point) of any official records supporting the story, but there is no positive reason to doubt it.

1870 Federal Census shows Barefoot living with his brothers Stephen and Peter in Bradford Springs, Sumter, SC. The census reads: Stephen Bradly, 25 years old, male, white, farmer, value of real estate is 350, value of personal estate is 250, born in South Carolina; James Bradly, 21 years old, male, white, farm laborer, born in South Carolina; Peter Bradly, 18 years old, male, white, farm laborer, born in South Carolina. Further down on this same census, their mother Mahaza is listed (“Mahazi Bradly“) as the head of a household that includes two other females (apparently a mother and daughter), last name Vasser.

1877 James Barefoot purchases property at Mt. Tabor. See the record in the documents below. If you know how to read the record, the plots are T.7S, R.3W, Section 8. James Barefoot’s land is W1/2 of NE1/4 and Peter is next door at E1/2 of NW1/4. You can download the pdf of the necessary map here. Once on the page, click on Morgan Co. The map is layered and takes a few seconds to draw, but it is zoom-able. The grid is laid out as expected with Townships up the left side and Ranges across the bottom. Sections are numbered. The section you are looking for has “Bethlehem Church” in it. Each section is quartered (giving you a NW1/4, a NE1/4, a SW1/4, and a SE1/4. These quarters are then usually quartered, but may be sold in halves north or south. So if you find section 8, the NE1/4 is divided in half along the north-south axis. The western result of this is the W1/2, or James Barefoot’s property. To the immediate West is the E1/2 of the NW1/4. This is Peter’s.

1880 Federal Census shows James married to Celia and living in Morgan Co, Alabama. It reads: John B Bradley, white, male, 35 years old, married, farming, can read but cannot write, born in SC and both parents born in SC; Celia A Bradley, white, female, 26 years old, wife, married, housekeeper, can read and write, born in SC and both parents born in SC; Thomas Bradley, white, male, 8 years old, son, single, attending school, can read but cannot write, born in SC and both parents born in SC; James B Bradley, white, male, 6 years old, son, single, can read but cannot write, born in AL and both parents born in SC; Cora, white, female, 3 years old, daughter, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC; John B Bradley, Sr, white, male, 66 years old, father, married, can read but cannot write, born in SC and both parents born in SC. Peter and Stephen are both on this same census sheet. Mahaza is living with Peter. See Peter’s page to read the full census data.

17 Dec 1892 – James sold the property purchased in 1877. (see above) This is probably in preparation to leave for Texas. Peter sold his property at about the same time, probably to leave for OK.

1900 Federal census shows the James Barefoot family living in Ellis Co, Texas. It reads: James B Bradley, head, white, male, born in June 1849, 50 years old, married for 22 years, born in SC and both parents born in SC, Saw Mill Owner, unemployed for 0 months, can read, write, and speak English, renting their home which is a house (as opposed to a farm); Seala Bradley, wife, white, female, born in March 1865, 35 years old [this birth year and age are incorrect and obviously not consistent with the data that immediately follows!], married for 22 years, mother of 8 children all still living, born in SC and both parents born in SC, can read, write, and speak English; Thomas Bradley, son, white, male, born in May 1878, 22 years old, single, born in SC and both parents born in SC, saw mill hand, unemployed 0 months, can read, write, and speak English; Cora Bradley, daughter, white, female, born in April 1882, 18 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, can read, write, and speak English; Marvin Bradley, son, white, male, born in June 1887, 13 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, Saw Mill Hand, unemployed 0 months, attended school 0 months, can read, write, and speak English; John Bradley, son, white, male, born in August 1887 [or 1889, hard to read], 12 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, attended school 0 months, can read, write, and speak English; Banks Bradley, son, white, male, born in February 1890, 10 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, attended school 0 months, can read, write, and speak English; Maud Bradley, daughter, white, female, born in April 1893, 7 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, marked cannot read, cannot write, but can speak English but then all three are marked out.

1910 Federal Census shows James B Bradley living in Navarro Co, Texas with Celia Ann and son Reynolds Banks. It reads: Jim Bradley, head, male, white, 63, married for 35 years, born in SC and both parents born in SC, speaks English, farmer, general farm, [something illegible], can read and write, rents a farm, with the number of farm schedule 348 [not sure what this means, but has something to do with “home ownership” and may indicate a plot of land]; Celia Bradley, wife, female, white, 54 years old [not accurate], married for 35 years, mother of 7 children, 5 still living [7 children born is not accurate, it should be 8; Maud is one of the 2 who had already died], born in SC and both parents born in SC, speaks English, occupation listed as “none”, can read and write; Banks Bradley, son, male, white, 21 years old, single, born in AL and both parents born in SC, speaks English, farm laborer, home farm, working on own account (which I take to mean self employed) can read and write. This is the last census for James Barefoot, who died in 1913.

1920 Federal Census shows Celia Ann living in Henderson Co, Texas as the head of household (and sole occupant) next door to the Peter Airheart family. Her census entry reads: Mrs CA Bradley, head, home owner free and clear, female, white, 66 years old, widowed, can read and write and was born in SC, can speak English and occupation is listed as “none”.

1930 Federal Census shows Celia Ann still living in Henderson Co, Texas. James Byron, Leona, and Bill (their youngest son) are living with her. It reads: Celia Bradley, head, home owner, living on a farm, female, white, 77 years old, widowed, has not attended school, can read and write, born in SC and both parents born in SC, speaks English, occupation listed as “none”; Byron Bradley, son, male, white, 54 years old, married since he was 19, has not attended school, can read and write, born in AL and both parents born in SC, speaks English, carpenter (house), class of worker “W”, at work the day before the census, not a veteran; Lenora (Leona) Bradley, daughter-in-law, female, white, 54 years old, married since she was 19, has not been to school, can read and write, born in TX, both parents born in TN, speaks English, occupation listed as “none”; Bill Bradley, grandson, male, white, 16 years old, single, has been to school, can read and write, born in TX, father born in AL, mother born in TX, speaks English, occupation listed as “none”.

To summarize, James Barefoot Bradley was born sometime between 1845 and 1849 (census simply aren’t consistent enough to nail it down, but 1847 seems most likely since he is said to be 3 years old at the 1850 census) in South Carolina (some people say Kershaw Co, but Sumter Co makes more sense) to James Banks and Mahaza Boykin. In 1850 he was living at home with his parents in Sumter Co, SC. In 1860 he was living at home with his parents in Lowndes Co, AL. In 1870 he was living in Sumter Co, SC with his brothers Stephen and Peter, working as a farmer. Between 1870 and 1872 he married Celia Ann Wilson. Sometime between 1877 and 1880 they moved to Morgan Co, AL, where they appear on the 1880 census. James Barefoot continued to farm. Sometime between 1894 and 1900 the family moved to Ellis CO, TX where they appear on the 1900 census. James Barefoot owned and operated a sawmill in Ellis Co. In 1910 James Barefoot was living in Navarro Co, TX and is listed as a farmer. Family resources indicate he died at Porter’s Bluff, TX on 21 February 1913. However it’s unclear if any documentation exists to verify this. Porter’s Bluff was abandoned in the 1930s and nothing remains of it today, so there is no known headstone. Navarro Co doesn’t have any record of his death. The 1920 and 1930 census show Celia Ann as a homeowner in Henderson Co and widowed. Celia Ann died in Trinidad, Henderson Co, TX on 11 June 1935. I am still waiting to hear back from Henderson Co about whether or not they have a death cert on record. She is buried in the Trinidad City Cemetery.

Documentation:

Photos


5 Responses to James Barefoot Bradley

  1. Terea McCarthy says:

    Are the children listed at the top correct? They do not match the census listings.

  2. Can you tell me specifically where they do not match? If you’re looking at the 1850 and 1860 census listings, then you’re actually seeing the children of James Banks. I can see how that would be confusing (with all the “James B” Bradleys!). I’ve included those two census on this page because James Barefoot appears on them. However, he appears as a son.

    Do you see a discrepancy in one of the other census records?

  3. PS – I’m going to edit the 1850 and 1860 census listings on this page in order to try and clear this up.

  4. By the way, 1880 and 1900 are the only census that have any significant number of children in the house with James Barefoot and Celia Ann, so when trying to construct the list at the top of this page, those are the main census to use. Also keep in mind I’m listing them in the census paragraphs according to the names they are given on the census, while at the top of the page I’m giving them their correct full names. All this comes together to make it a bit hard to read at first.

  5. Terea McCarthy says:

    Okay I’m on track now. All the James B.’s do get me off track sometimes. Thanks

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